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Mortality patterns, 1993–98, in a rural area of Burkina Faso, West Africa, based on the Nouna demographic surveillance system

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The Nouna demographic surveillance system database was analysed for the period 1993–98. Basic demographic parameters, age-specific and age-standardized mortality rates were calculated and a seasonal variation in mortality was analysed. Poisson regression was used to model the calculated mortality rates and to investigate the seasonal mortality pattern. Both the population distribution by age and the mortality rates reflect a typical pattern of population structures and total mortality in rural Africa as a whole: high childhood mortality and a young population (about 60% are up to age 25; about 10% above age 64). We identified a significant seasonal pattern with highest mortality rates in February. Demographic surveillance systems in Africa provide a viable method for the collection of reliable data on vital events in rural Africa and should therefore be established and supported.
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Keywords: Poisson regression; demographic surveillance; sub-Saharan Africa; total mortality

Document Type: Original Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg Medical School, Heidelberg, Germany, 2: Centre de Recherche en Santé de Nouna, Nouna, Burkina Faso, West Africa

Publication date: 2002-04-01

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