Two cases of autochthonous Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Germany with evidence for local transmission by indigenous Anopheles plumbeus
Autochthonous Plasmodium falciparum malaria (PFM) in Central Europe has been reported repeatedly, transmission of the parasite being attributed to blood transfusion or imported P. falciparum-infected vectors. We report two cases of PFM in German children without travel history to malaria-endemic areas. Both infections occurred during a stay in a hospital where a child from Angola with chronic P. falciparum infection was hospitalized at the time. Known routes of transmission, such as imported mosquitoes or blood transfusion, were very unlikely or could be excluded, whereas evidence was obtained for transmission by the indigenous mosquito species Anopheles plumbeus.