An overview of the evolution of sleeping sickness and control activities in the DRC during the period 1989–1998 is presented. A resurgence was already developing in the mid-1980s and, after a breakdown of active case-finding between 1990 and 1993, annual detection rates attained levels similar to those of the late 1920s. Although a staggering number of 150 591 new cases have been detected during the past decade, the problem is ignored by most of the international community. The major cause for the resurgence appears to be the interruption of active case-finding for a prolonged period of time. Control activities have improved considerably in recent years, but a lot remains to be done and supplementary resources are needed.