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Use of the recombinant Onchocerca volvulus protein Ov20/OvS1 for the immunodiagnostic differentiation between onchocerciasis and mansonelliasis and for the characterization of hyperreactive onchocerciasis (sowda)

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The protein Ov20/OvS1 was used as antigen in ELISA and Western blot in order to differentiate onchocerciasis from African mansonelliasis and to characterize the hyperreactive form of Onchocerca volvulus infection (sowda). The specificity of the IgG4 Western blot was 98% for the differentiation between persons with onchocerciasis and Mansonella microfilariae (mf) carriers (125 persons with M. perstans and 92 with M. streptocerca), whereas the IgG4 ELISA showed a specificity of 81% in 137 M. perstans mf carriers and 85% in 94 M. streptocerca mf carriers. The sensitivity of Ov20/OvS1 in identifying onchocerciasis using the IgG4 ELISA was 75% for 103 O. volvulus mf carriers with the generalized and 89% for 44 patients with the sowda form of onchocerciasis. IgE antibodies against OvS1 were found in 95% of 39 patients with hyperreactive onchocerciasis but only in 15% of 47 persons with the generalized form. Thus, Ov20/–OvS1 appears a promising candidate antigen for the diagnosis of onchocerciasis and in particular for the detection of the sowda type of disease.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2000


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