Skip to main content

'Killer' canines: the morbidity and mortality of ebino in northern Uganda

Buy Article:

$51.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)



In northern Uganda, unerupted primary canine teeth are commonly extracted because they are believed to cause diarrhoea, vomiting, and fever. This practice, known as ebino, is performed under very crude conditions often using unclean tools. To evaluate the morbidity and mortality of complications related to ebino, we retrospectively analysed discharge records from the paediatric ward of Lacor Hospital, Gulu. In the period 1992–98, ebino-related complications, mainly sepsis and anaemia, were among the leading causes of admission (= 740) and hospital death (= 156, case fatality rate = 21.1%, proportional mortality rate = 3.3%). Discouraging the adoption of deeply rooted traditional practices that are potentially hazardous to health should be a public health priority in northern Uganda. This could be done by educating not only the general public, but also traditional healers and community and religious leaders, who could convey the knowledge to their people.

Keywords: Africa; ebino; hospital

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: St. Mary's Hospital Lacor, Gulu, Uganda 2: Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Publication date: October 1, 2000


Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more