Skip to main content

Growth and survival of low birthweight infants from 0 to 9 years in a rural area of Ghana. Comparison of moderately low (1501–2000 g) and very low birthweight (1000–1500 g) infants and a local reference population

Buy Article:

$51.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)



This prospective and descriptive study was conducted to evaluate the growth and survival of 105 low birthweight (LBW, 1000–2000 g) infants discharged during a 4-year period from Agogo Hospital, Ghana, and followed from birth until the age of 4–9 years. Thirty-two babies were very low birthweight children (VLBW, 1000–1500 g) and 73 (70%) were of moderately low birthweight (MLBW, 1501–2000 g). At the age of 3 years, 15 children (14.2%) had not come for follow-up; of the remaining 90 children, nine (10%) had died, five during the first 3 months of life. At follow-up from 4 to 9 years of age, two more children could not be traced and another two had died. Compared to a local reference population and the WHO standard, growth of survivors lagged behind and caught up only slightly during the first 3 years of life. From 3 to 9 years of age, median growth impairment increased, which either suggests impaired growth potential or poor health and inadequate nutrition. This long-term study confirms that LBW (1000–2000 g) infants, particularly VLBW children, are at high risk.

Keywords: (very) low birthweight; Ghana; follow-up; growth potential of (V)LBW infants; infants

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Paediatric Department, Agogo Hospital (Presbyterian Church of Ghana), Agogo, Ghana 2: University Hospital, Groningen, The Netherlands 3: Department of Obstetrics & Paediatrics, Perinatal Nutrition and Development Section, University Hospital, Groningen, The Netherlands

Publication date: August 1, 2000

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more