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The epidemiology of a recent focus of mixed Schistosoma haematobium and Schistosoma mansoni infections around the ‘Lac de Guiers’ in the Senegal River Basin, Senegal

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Summary

A village with mixed Schistosoma mansoni and S. haematobium infections (probably in a early endemic phase) was identified around the Lac de Guiers in the Senegal River Basin. In documenting the epidemiology of both schistosomes, we focused on prevalence and intensity of infection, transmission patterns and the impact of treatment. S. mansoni prevalences (near 100%) and egg counts (overall geometric mean eggs per gram of faeces (epg) of 589 were high in all age groups, with 35% of individuals excreting > 1000 epg, and showing a slow decline in egg output only after the age of 30 years. The overall prevalence (28%) and egg counts (2% > 50 eggs/10 ml) of S. haematobium were low, with mean counts of 6.3 eggs/10 ml. Maximal mean S. mansoni egg counts were found in 5–9 year-old boys and in 15–19 year-old girls; S. haematobium maximal counts in 1–4 year-old boys and in girls aged 5–9. Extremely high Biomphalaria pfeifferi infection ratios were recorded over the whole year. Following a single treatment, re-infection was rapid with prevalences and mean egg counts of both Schistosoma species reaching pretreatment levels within 7 months.
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Keywords: Schistosoma haematobium; Schistosoma mansoni; Senegal; epidemiology; schistosomiasis; treatment

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, RUG, Belgium 2: Centre de Recherches sur l'Epidémiologie des Désastres, UCL, Belgium 3: Centre de Santé de Richard-Toll, Richard-Toll, Senegal 4: Région Médicale de Saint Louis, Programme ESPOIR, Saint Louis, Senegal 5: Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Publication date: 1999-08-01

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