Urinary schistosomiasis among schoolchildren in Ibadan, an urban community in south-western Nigeria
The current status of urinary schistosomiasis was assessed in Ibadan, an urban community in south-western Nigeria. Of 1331 children examined for eggs of S. haematobium in their urine, 17.4% were infected. Prevalence in postprimary schoolchildren was significantly (P < 0.01) higher (22.4%) than in primary schoolchildren (12.0%). Intensity of infection based on geometric mean egg count per 10 ml of urine was also higher in postprimary (36.7 eggs/10 ml urine) than primary pupils (29.9 eggs/10 ml urine). Boys had a significantly (P < 0.01) higher infection rate (24.1%) than girls (8.5%), and the intensity of infection was also higher (P < 0.01) in males (39.0 eggs/10 ml urine) than in females (22.1 eggs/10 ml urine). The overall geometric mean intensity of infection was highest (38.8 eggs/10 ml urine) in the 11–15 years age group. 42% of infected children excreted > 50 eggs/10 ml urine. 2.2% excreted S. mansoni eggs in urine. Water contact activities were more frequent (P < 0.01) in males (31.8%) than females (38.2%). Nine species of snails were encountered, with B. (p) globosus being the the most abundant and widespread. These results show that urinary schistosomiasis is still being actively being transmitted in Ibadan.