Community prevalence study of taeniasis and cysticercosis in Bali, Indonesia

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Abstract:

Summary

Taenia solium, a human cestode parasite endemic throughout most of South-east Asia, causes a number of public health and economic problems. The parasite is endemic in Bali due to a mix of cultural and religious practices. Immunoepidemiological investigation of three rural communities revealed a taeniasis prevalence of 0.72% (3/415). One of the three cases was due to Taenia solium, the other two to Taenia saginata. A further nine cases of Taenia infection were identified from patients from villages surrounding the chosen communities, suggesting that prevalence levels may be higher in other areas. Seroprevalence of human cysticercosis by immunoblot was 1.65% (6/363), though all cases were detected within a single community (6/115; prevalence 5.22%). Several other cases of subcutaneous cysticercosis were identified from local clinics, suggesting continued transmission of Taenia solium in the region. Other intestinal helminth parasites identified within the communities were Ascaris lumbricoides (29.9%), Trichuris trichiuria (33.9%) and hookworm (8.2%).

Keywords: Indonesia; Taenia solium; coproantigen; cysticercosis; helminth; prevalence; serology

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.1999.00394.x

Affiliations: 1:  Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Udayana, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia 2:  Cestode Zoonoses Research Group, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Salford, Salford, UK 3:  Animal Health Product Development, Central Research, Pfizer Ltd, Kent, UK

Publication date: April 1, 1999

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