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Glutathione-S-transferase activity in malarial parasites

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Glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity has been detected in rodent (Plasmodium berghei, P. yoelii), simian (P. knowlesi) and human (P. falciparum) malarial parasites, and in different intraerythrocytic stages of P. knowlesi (schizont > ring > trophozoite). In chloroquine-resistant strains of rodent and human malarial parasites GST activity significantly increases compared to sensitive strains. Further, the increase in enzyme activity is directly related to drug pressure of resistant P. berghei. Complete inhibition of chloroquine-sensitive and resistant P. berghei glutathione-S-transferase activities was observed at 2.5 and 5.0 μm concentration of hemin, respectively. An inverse relationship was found between the heme level and enzyme activity of chloroquine-resistant and sensitive P. berghei. Chloroquine, artemisinin, and primaquine noticeably inhibited GST activity in P. knowlesi.
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Keywords: chloroquine-resistant (CQR); chloroquine-sensitive (CQS); Plasmodium; antimalarials; haem; glutathione-S-transferase (GST)

Document Type: Original Article

Affiliations: 1:  Division of Biochemistry, 2:  Division of Microbiology, 3:  Division of and Parasitology, Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, India

Publication date: 1999-04-01

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