Towards a kala azar risk map for Sudan: mapping the potential distribution of Phlebotomus orientalis using digital data of environmental variables

$48.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Download / Buy Article:

Abstract:

Summary

The need to define the geographical distribution of Phlebotomus orientalis results from its importance as the dominant vector of kala azar (visceral leishmaniasis) in Sudan. Recent epidemics of this disease in southern and eastern Sudan caused an estimated 100000 deaths and have renewed the impetus for defining the ecological boundaries of the vector. This information is an essential prerequisite to the production of a risk map for kala azar. This study uses data on the presence and absence of P. orientalis from 44 collecting sites across the central belt of Sudan. A logistic regression model was used to estimate the probability of the presence of P. orientalis at each collecting site as a function of climatic and environmental variables (rainfall; temperature; altitude; soil type and the satellite-derived environmental proxies – Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and Land Surface Temperature). The logistic regression model indicates mean annual maximum daily temperature and soil type as the most important ecological determinants of P. orientalis distribution. An initial risk map was created in a raster-based geographical information system which delineates the area where P. orientalis may occur. This map was then refined using a mask layer indicating the known rainfall-based boundaries of the distribution of Acacia-Balanites woodland – a woodland type known to be associated with the distribution of this vector. The predictive performance of the risk map is discussed.

Keywords: Acacia seyal; Balanites aegyptiaca; GIS; NDVI; Phlebotomus orientalis; Sudan; climate; kala azar; vertisols; visceral leishmaniasis

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.1999.00368.x

Affiliations: 1:  Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK. 2:  Department of Zoology, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan

Publication date: February 1, 1999

Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more