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Infection with group C rotavirus in a suburban community in Brazil

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Group C rotaviruses are associated with sporadic outbreaks of gastroenteritis worldwide. Age-specific seroprevalence of group C rotavirus antibodies was investigated in sera, randomly collected and representative of a suburban community in Brazil which had previously been screened for group A rotavirus antibodies. Antibody prevalence to group C rotavirus was low in children under 5 years and increased slowly with age to 36% seropositivity in adults, reflecting continuous exposure to primary infection in all age groups. This suggests a higher incidence of infection than disease might predict. Adult antibody prevalence was similar to that in other geographical settings. No obvious patterns of infection with group A and group C rotavirus were found within individuals, which suggests independent transmission. However, further epidemiological studies are required to understand group C rotavirus dynamics and possible interactions with group A rotavirus transmission and immunity.
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Keywords: Brazil; population; rotavirus; seroepidemiology; transmission

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK 2: Public Health Laboratory, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK 3: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo and LIM-01 HCFMUSP, São Paulo, Brazil

Publication date: 1998-11-01

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