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Implications for school-based health programmes of age and gender patterns in the Tanzanian primary school

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Abstract:

Summary

This paper examines children's potential access to school health services by analysing data on the demographic structure, enrolment patterns and reported causes of early school-leaving in 347 schools in Tanga Region, Tanzania served by a school-based health programme. The analysis indicates that net enrolment ratios have risen over the previous 6 years, particularly among children under 10 years. However, in 1994 children were still much older than expected for a basic school population: 81% were adolescents ($10 years) and the mean age was 12 years. These data suggest that schools can provide equitable access to health education and school-based health services for a majority of children, even in a low-income country, and that the primary school population is predominantly adolescent and would benefit from health programmes targeted at that age group.

Keywords: Tanzania; drop-out; education; enrolment; health; primary school

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.1998.00311.x

Affiliations: 1: Partnership for Child Development, University of Oxford, Oxford and Institute of Child Health, University of London, UK., 2: Partnership for Child Development, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK., 3: Tanzanian Partnership for Child Development, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania., 4: Ministry of Education and Culture, Dar es Salaam, and Tanzanian Partnership for Child Development, Tanzania., 5: Ministry of Health, Dar es Salaam, and Tanzanian Partnership for Child Development, Tanzania., 6: Ministry of Community Development, Women Affairs and Children, Dar es Salaam, and Tanzanian Partnership for Child Development, Tanzania.

Publication date: October 1, 1998

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