Secretory acetylcholinesterase of Setaria cervi microfilariae and its antigenic cross-reactivity with Wuchereria bancrofti
Setaria cervi, a bovine filarial parasite, secretes acetylcholinesterase during in vitro cultivation. A significant amount of enzyme activity was detected both in culture media and somatic extracts of different developmental stages of the parasite. The microfilarial stage showed a higher level of AChE activity than adult worms, with females being considerably more active than males. The secretory enzyme from microfilariae preferentially utilized acetylthiocholine iodide as substrate and showed two electrophoretically distinct isoforms in native PAGE. Secretory enzyme was purified from the excretory/secretory products of microfilariae using edrophonium chloride linked to epoxy-activated sepharose. Analysis of purified acetylcholinesterase by SDS-PAGE revealed the existence of two proteins of 75kD and 45kD under non-reducing conditions. These secretory enzymes are antigenic and cross-reactive with Wuchereria bancrofti-infected asymptomatic microfilaraemic human sera when tested by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and immunoblotting. The secretory AChE(s) from S. cervi microfilariae may be utilized for diagnosis of early filarial infections.
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