Artemether treatment of recrudescent Plasmodium falciparum malaria in children
Intramuscular artemether given for five days was evaluated prospectively in 32 patients with acute recrudescent Plasmodium falciparum malaria. All patients had experienced one or more treatment failures with one or more courses of the following drugs: chloroquine, amodiaquine, sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and erythromycin given alone or in combination. There was a prompt response to treatment with fever and parasite clearance times of 10.7 (3.6) h (range 6–24) and 32.3 (8.3) h (range 24–48) respectively. Parasite reduction at 24 h was 93.2 (7.8)% (range 75–100). The cure rate on day 14 was 100%. The drug was well tolerated. These results suggest that artemether is rapidly effective in acute recrudescent Plasmodium falciparum malaria and is without deleterious side effects.
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