Effects of cow's milk supplementation on milk output of protein deficient lactating mothers and on their infants' energy and protein status

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Abstract:

A cow's milk supplement providing 500 kcal (2093 kJ) and 18 g of protein a day was given during 2 months to 83 lactating Zairian mothers suffering from protein malnutrition. The mothers′ nutritional status improved significantly after 2 months. The initial 24‐hour mother′s milk output was on average 607 ml (s.d.: 182) and did not change significantly after 2 months (604 ml; s.d.: 178). Initial milk output and change in milk output did not differ according to mothers' nutritional status at inclusion. Breast‐fed infants showed a significant improvement of their mean serum albumin concentration while their growth was similar to the mean growth of children of the same age.

Keywords: dietary supplementation; infants; lactation; malnutrition

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.1997.d01-121.x

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, School of Public Health, Free University of Brussels (ULB), Brussels, Belgium, 2: Queen Fabiola University Children's Hospital, Free University of Brussels (ULB), Brussels, Belgium, 3: Laboratory of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Free University of Brussels (ULB), Brussels, Belgium, 4: Centre de Recherche en Sciences Naturelles (CRSN), Zaire

Publication date: January 1, 1997

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