Introducing insecticide impregnated bednets in an area of low bednet usage: an exploratory study in north‐east Ghana
To find out the acceptability of the use of insecticide impregnated bednets before launching a large‐scale trial to evaluate their impact on child mortality, 96 permethrin impregnated bednets were distributed in 4 communities within the Kassena Nankana district of the Upper East Region of Ghana, where previously only 4% of the people had owned a mosquito net. The nets were readily accepted and used by the recipients. The major benefit perceived by the users was the reduction of the nuisance effect of mosquitoes and other insects. The people in the study area normally sleep on mats in either an open courtyard or a sleeping room depending on the weather but this did not deter them from using the nets. The white nets distributed for this study became dirty with use, and users thought they needed to be washed. In order to discourage this, it is recommended that dark coloured nets be used in the main intervention trial. After having used the nets for a year, the community members expressed willingness to buy the nets if they were made available after the harvest season when they had sold their crops and had enough money to pay for them. The results of this study have been used to plan and conduct a large intervention trial.
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