Does the Insulin-Like Growth Factor System Interact with Prostaglandins and Proinflammatory Cytokines During Neurodegeneration?
Prostaglandins and proinflammatory cytokines are implicated in the etiology of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease. Signaling cascades initiated by these factors may result in reactive oxygen species generation and cell death. The insulin-like growth factors (IGF) are ubiquitous polypeptides involved in all aspects of growth and development. Additionally, the IGF are regarded as survival factors that display potent antiapoptotic activity. Interfering with IGF production, distribution, or signaling may result in greater susceptibility to apoptotic stimuli. In neurodegenerative conditions, the IGF appear to be antagonized by prostaglandins and proinflammatory cytokines. In this review, the relationship among specific prostaglandins, the proinflammatory factors, tumor necrosis factor, interleukin-1, and interleukin-6, and the IGF system will be investigated.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: May 1, 2000