Skip to main content

The Antioxidant Function of Metallothionein in the Heart

Buy Article:

The full text article is temporarily unavailable.

We apologise for the inconvenience. Please try again later.



The antioxidant function of metallothionein (MT) was first suggested in the early 1980s. Studies in vitro have revealed that MT reacts directly with reactive oxygen species, including superoxide and hydroxyl radicals and hydrogen peroxide. These reactions have never been demonstrated in intact animal studies. Nevertheless, both pharmacologic and genetic studies have shown that MT functions in protection against oxidative injury in vivo. In particular, the antioxidant function of MT in the heart has been explored extensively. The data gathered from recent studies using a cardiac-specific, MT-overexpressing transgenic mouse model have provided direct evidence to support this physiological role of MT. Under acute and chronic oxidative stress conditions such as treatment with doxorubicin, ischemia-reperfusion, and dietary copper restriction, MT-overexpressing transgenic mouse hearts displayed a marked resistance to the injurious consequences, including biochemical, pathological, and functional alterations. This protective action of MT correlates with its inhibition of reactive oxygen species–induced lipid peroxidation. A critical elucidation of the mechanism of action of MT as an antioxidant in vivo remains to be achieved. However, the combination of recent understanding of the zinc cluster structure of MT and novel molecular genetic approaches has provided the basis for further advancement in this field.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1999


Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more