Mechanisms of DNA Oxidation
Oxidative damage of DNA caused by a variety of chemical and physical agents appears to be linked to cancer. However, it is becoming increasingly clear that endogenous generation of oxidants, such as hydroxyl radical and peroxynitrite, lead to oxidation of DNA, and this may cause cancer in individuals where no obvious exposure to chemical or physical agents known to be carcinogenic has occurred. The mechanisms for generation of these two oxidants in living organisms will be discussed and their reactivities with DNA to produce oxidized products (e.g., 8-oxo-dG) will be presented with special emphasis on the individual characteristics of the generation and reactivity of each oxidant.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 1999