Age-related alteration in the association of microsatellite instability with absent hMLH1 expression and histological types of colorectal carcinoma

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Abstract:

Microsatellite instability (MSI) is present in approximately 15–20% of sporadic colorectal cancers. However, despite the increased prevalence of absent hMLH1 expression and MSI in colorectal cancer in the elderly, few attempts have been made to define it in detail. The aim of the present paper was to correlate age-related alterations in absent hMLH1 expression and MSI with various histological types of colorectal carcinoma. hMLH1 expression and microsatellite status were studied in 184 colorectal carcinomas (49 well-differentiated, 49 moderately differentiated, 49 poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas, and 37 mucinous carcinomas). The prevalence of absent hMLH1 expression was higher in poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (63%) and mucinous carcinoma (43%) than in well- (8%) and moderately (12%) differentiated adenocarcinomas. MSI was found more frequently in poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (69%) and mucinous carcinoma (41%) than in well- and moderately differentiated adenocarcinomas (8% and 6%, respectively). Age-related differences in absent hMLH1 expression and MSI were found only in poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, in which the prevalence of medullary-type carcinoma increased with advancing age. These results indicate that an age-related increase of medullary-type tumors in poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma may play an important role in the increase of absent hMLH1 expression and MSI in colorectal carcinoma.

Keywords: colorectal carcinoma; elderly; hMLH1; histological type; microsatellite instability

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1827.2006.02014.x

Affiliations: 1: Division of Pathology, Central Clinical Laboratory, School of Medicine, Iwate Medical University, Morioka, Japan 2: Department of Pathology, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital, 3: Research Team for Geriatric Diseases, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo and

Publication date: October 1, 2006

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