Immunogenicity of malaria transmission-blocking vaccine candidate, y230.CA14 following crosslinking in the presence of tetanus toxoid
Authors: Vincent, A.A.; Fanning, S.; Caira, F.C.; Williamson, K.C.
Source: Parasite Immunology, Volume 21, Number 11, 1 November 1999 , pp. 573-581(9)
Abstract:Proteolytically processed 310 kDa form of Plasmodium falciparum gamete surface antigen, Pfs230, is the target of malaria transmission-blocking monoclonal antibodies. To design a recombinant malaria transmission-blocking subunit vaccine, the amino terminus of the 310 kDa surface-exposed form of Pfs230 was mapped to amino acids (aa) 522 and 584 using a series of peptides and recombinant proteins encoding distinct regions of Pfs230. Antiserum generated against an Escherichia coli-produced recombinant protein, spanning the Pfs230 processing site and extending into the cysteine domains, r230/MBP.C (aa 443-1132), reduced parasite infectivity by 71.2-89.8%. To determine if the region spanning the cleavage site blocked malaria transmission when produced as a secreted protein by Saccharomyces cerevisiae, y230.CA14 (aa 467-584) was generated, purified, emulsified in adjuvant and used to vaccinate mice. In contrast to E. coli-produced r230/MBP.C, the immune response generated against y230.CA14 was very weak. To enhance the response, y230.CA14 was mixed with tetanus toxoid, chemically crosslinked, repurifed, and its immunogenicty compared with unconjugated y230.CA14. Conjugated-y230.CA14/TT required fewer booster injections to induce an immune response against Pfs230 and the antibodies generated reacted with the surface of intact gametes and immunoprecipitated radiolabelled Pfs230 extracted from 125I surface-labelled gametes to a greater extent. After seven injections, all y230.CA14 vaccinated mice developed anti-Pfs230 antibodies and the isotype profile was the same. In addition to enhancing the initial immune response generated against y230.CA14, conjugation focuses the immune response toward epitopes within the region of Pfs230 present on the surface of the gamete.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1999-11-01