Poverty and Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Children: A View from the Western Cape, South Africa

$48.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Download / Buy Article:

Abstract:

Sub-Saharan Africa is the region affected worst by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with the most southern countries, including Botswana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, and South Africa, carrying the highest disease burden. This geographic distribution represents a complex interaction among virological, political, social, cultural, and economic forces. In South Africa the HIV epidemic is seemingly unchecked, with 18% of the adult population infected. Although South Africa is a middeveloped country, there is a large chasm between the wealthy and the poor, with many living in moderate to extreme poverty. Poverty creates conditions that fuel the HIV epidemic while HIV exacerbates the multiple interlinking causes of poverty. Children are the most vulnerable members of society, severely affected by all components of the poverty cycle. Although improved health education and access to care will alleviate many problems, sustainable poverty alleviation should form an essential component of the response to AIDS. The formulation of the United Nations Millennium Developmental Goals is an important step in the right direction, but global and local political commitment is essential for success.

Keywords: HIV; children; poverty

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1196/annals.1425.012

Affiliations: 1: Paediatrics and Child Health 2: Immunology Unit, National Health Laboratory Systems, Faculty of Health Sciences, Tygerberg Children's Hospital, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa

Publication date: June 1, 2008

Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more