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Socio‐phenomenology and conversation analysis: interpreting video lifeworld healthcare interactions

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Abstract:

Abstract

This article uses a socio‐phenomenological methodology to develop knowledge and understanding of the healthcare consultation based on the concept of the lifeworld. It concentrates its attention on social action rather than strategic action and a systems approach. This article argues that patient‐centred care is more effective when it is informed through a lifeworld conception of human mutual shared interaction. Videos offer an opportunity for a wide audience to experience the many kinds of conversations and dynamics that take place in consultations. Visual sociology used in this article provides a method to organize video emotional, knowledge and action conversations as well as dynamic typical consultation situations. These interactions are experienced through the video materials themselves unlike conversation analysis where video materials are first transcribed and then analysed. Both approaches have the potential to support intersubjective learning but this article argues that a video lifeworld schema is more accessible to health professionals and the general public. The typical interaction situations are constructed through the analysis of video materials of consultations in a London walk‐in centre. Further studies are planned in the future to extend and replicate results in other healthcare services. This method of analysis focuses on the ways in which the everyday lifeworld informs face‐to‐face person‐centred health care and supports social action as a significant factor underpinning strategic action and a systems approach to consultation practice.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-769X.2011.00506.x

Affiliations: 1: Lecturer 2: Professor of Primary Care Research 3: Senior Lecturer, School of Health Sciences, City University, London, UK 4: Emeritus Professor Department of Philosophy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA

Publication date: October 1, 2011

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