Variations, trends and patterns of fish landings in large tropical reservoirs
Temporal variations of fish yields in four major reservoirs in Thailand (Ubolratana; Sirindhorn; Srinakarin; Vajiralongkorn) were investigated with the use of long‐term fish landing data (≥20 years). The long‐term variations in fish yield, measured as the coefficient of variation of yearly yield, ranged mostly between 50% and 100%. For short‐term variations, the means of the relative variation (85%) were larger than the absolute variation (63%). This finding indicates that short‐term variations were inversely related to fish yield and that a higher uncertainty occurs when fish catches are low. The stocked exotic species exhibited higher variations than the indigenous species. The trend analyses indicated some species had sharply declined fish landings, while some species were quite stable (i.e. reservoir‐adapted species). Stocked species tended to increase in relatively shallow reservoirs, compared to the deep reservoir. Fish landing data for each reservoir were patternized, using the self‐organizing map, indicating temporal trends of chronological order. The differences among clusters in each reservoir were with respect to the weight of each species in the fish landings in each year, and temporal changes in species composition in the reservoirs, which would primarily be attributed to the environmental changes followed by anthropogenic pressures. The mean trophic level (τ) fluctuated, resulting from changes in species composition and weight of fish landing, as well as fish stocking programmes.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Agriculture, Ubon Ratchathani University, Warin Chamrab, Ubon Ratchathani 2: Inland Fisheries Research and Development Bureau, Department of Fisheries, Chatuchak, Bangkok, Thailand 3: Laboratoire Evolution & Diversité Biologique, Université Toulouse, UMR 5172, CNRS – Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse Cedex, France 4: Department of Zoology, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka 5: Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific, Chatuchak, Bangkok, Thailand
Publication date: 2012-03-01