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Secondary production and biomass of Cladocera in marginal lakes after the recovery of their hydrologic connectivity in a river–reservoir transition zone

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Abstract

Secondary production and biomass of Cladoceran populations were studied in two marginal lakes whose connections to a tropical river were re-established after a prolonged drought period. This study investigates the process of the recovery of the cladoceran populations after the hydrologic reconnection with the river was established. It also compares the energetic dynamic of Cladoceran populations in two lakes, one with a wide and another with a narrow connection to the river. Samples were collected every 48 h for 1 month, immediately after the river water inflow to the lakes, and 7 months after the reconnection with the river during a period of hydrologic stability of the lakes. Secondary production and biomass were compared between lakes and periods, to identify the main controlling factors for the observed variations in Cladoceran productivity. Cladocerans were more productive during the rainy period, immediately after the increased water volume, when high water temperatures were recorded in the two lacustrine systems. Secondary production and biomass values were higher in the more eutrophic lake, wherein the water chemical and physical characteristics presented slow alterations during the rainy period. Although the lake with large spatial heterogeneity and linkages with the river exhibited high Cladoceran richness, the secondary production and biomass were low. Variations in water volumes and temperatures and changes in trophic status affected the secondary production and biomass of the main Cladoceran species in the two studied lakes.
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Keywords: Cladocera; biomass; marginal lakes; river–reservoir transition zone; secondary production

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: Department of Zoology, State University of São Paulo, Institute of Biosciences, “Campus” of Botucatu, Distrito de Rubião Jr, Cep: 18618-000, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil

Publication date: 2010-12-01

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