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Limnology and culture-based fisheries in non-perennial reservoirs in Sri Lanka

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Abstract:

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the possibility of using the limnological characteristics of non-perennial reservoirs in Sri Lanka for the future management of culture-based fisheries. Forty-five reservoirs were randomly selected to study their limnology, out of which 32 were stocked with fish fingerlings of Chinese and Indian carps, tilapia and freshwater prawn at stocking densities ranging from 218–4372 fingerlings ha−1. Of these, 23 reservoirs were harvested at the end of the culture period (6–10 months). Thirteen limnological parameters were measured during the water retention period of each of the 45 reservoirs between November 2001 and January 2004. The mean values of the limnological parameters were used to ordinate the reservoirs through principal component analysis. Ordination showed a productivity gradient among reservoirs where Secchi disc depth, total phosphorus, chlorophyll-a, inorganic turbidity and organic turbidity were identified as key factors. The total fish yield of culture-based fisheries was positively correlated to the scores of the first principal component axis. This study reveals that it is possible to classify non-perennial reservoirs in Sri Lanka based on the above limnological parameters in order to develop culture-based fisheries and that they could be applicable in comparable water bodies elsewhere in the tropics.

Keywords: Sri Lanka; carp; culture-based fisheries; fish yield; limnology; reservoirs; tilapia

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1770.2005.00271.x

Affiliations: Department of Zoology, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, and

Publication date: September 1, 2005

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