Cross-border collective management has recently been a highly discussed topic, in particular from the perspective of competition law. This article focuses on the less discussed issue—the problem of the territoriality principle in cross-border collective management. Territoriality of substantial copyright laws leads to the need for collecting societies to check the initial ownership, scope of rights, etc. under each national copyright law. In addition, territoriality of the collective management laws (as distinguished from substantial copyright laws) requires the societies to adhere to multiple laws differently regulating establishment, functioning, accountability, etc. of the societies. The article analyses the possible solutions to these problems.