Identification of problems in functioning of people with sleep disorders in a clinical setting using the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) Checklist
We conducted an explorative, cross‐sectional, multi‐centre study in order to identify the most common problems of people with any kind of (primary) sleep disorder in a clinical setting using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a frame of reference. Data were collected from patients using a structured face‐to‐face interview of 45–60 min duration. A case record form for health professionals containing the extended ICF Checklist, sociodemographic variables and disease‐specific variables was used. The study centres collected data of 99 individuals with sleep disorders. The identified categories include 48 (32%) for body functions, 13 (9%) body structures, 55 (37%) activities and participation and 32 (22%) for environmental factors. ‘Sleep functions’ (100%) and ‘energy and drive functions’, respectively, (85%) were the most severely impaired second‐level categories of body functions followed by ‘attention functions’ (78%) and ‘temperament and personality functions’ (77%). With regard to the component activities and participation, patients felt most restricted in the categories of ‘watching’ (e.g. TV) (82%), ‘recreation and leisure’ (75%) and ‘carrying out daily routine’ (74%). Within the component environmental factors the categories ‘support of immediate family’, ‘health services, systems and policies’ and ‘products or substances for personal consumption [medication]’ were the most important facilitators; ‘time‐related changes’, ‘light’ and ‘climate’ were the most important barriers. The study identified a large variety of functional problems reflecting the complexity of sleep disorders. The ICF has the potential to provide a comprehensive framework for the description of functional health in individuals with sleep disorders in a clinical setting.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: ICF Research Branch of the WHO Collaborating Center for the Family of International Classifications in German at Swiss Paraplegic Research, Nottwil, Switzerland and Institute for Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Ludwig-Maximilian University, Munich, Germany 2: Department of Pneumology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, and University of Bern, Switzerland 3: Department of Neurology, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland 4: Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital ‘Insel’, Berne, Switzerland 5: Department of Neurology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, and University of Bern, Switzerland
Publication date: 2011-09-01