Skip to main content

Free Content Case–control study of subjective and objective differences in sleep patterns in older adults with insomnia symptoms

Download Article:

You have access to the full text article on a website external to Ingenta Connect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library



Older adults have high prevalence rates of insomnia symptoms, yet it is unclear if these insomnia symptoms are associated with objective impairments in sleep. We hypothesized that insomnia complaints in older adults would be associated with objective differences in sleep compared with those without insomnia complaints. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a cross‐sectional study in which older adults with insomnia complaints (cases, n =100) were compared with older adults without insomnia complaints (controls, n =100) using dual‐night in‐lab nocturnal polysomnography, study questionnaires and 7 days of at‐home actigraphy and sleep diaries. Cases were noted to have reduced objective total sleep time compared with controls (25.8 ± 8.56 min, P =0.003). This was largely due to increased wakefulness after sleep onset, and not increased sleep latency. When participants with sleep‐related breathing disorder or periodic limb movement disorder were excluded, the polysomnography total sleep time difference became even larger. Cases also had reduced slow‐wave sleep (5.10 ± 1.38 min versus 10.57 ± 2.29 min, effect size −0.29, P =0.04). When comparing self‐reported sleep latency and sleep efficiency with objective polysomnographic findings, cases demonstrated low, but statistically significant correlations, while no such correlations were observed in controls. Cases tended to underestimate their sleep efficiency by 1.6% (±18.4%), while controls overestimated their sleep efficiency by 12.4% (±14.5%). In conclusion, we noted that older adults with insomnia complaints have significant differences in several objective sleep findings relative to controls, suggesting that insomnia complaints in older adults are associated with objective impairments in sleep.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania 2: Center for Sleep and Respiratory Neurobiology and Division of Sleep Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania 3: Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Publication date: 2011-09-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more