Skip to main content

Free Content Usual sleep duration and cognitive function in older adults in Spain

Download Article:

You have access to the full text article on a website external to ingentaconnect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library



The few studies that have examined the association between usual sleep duration and cognitive function have shown conflicting results. This cross-sectional study examined the association between sleep duration and cognitive function among 3212 people, representative of the non-institutionalized population aged 60 years and over in Spain. Sleep duration was self-reported, and cognitive function was measured with the Mini-Examen Cognoscitivo (MEC), a version of the Mini-Mental State Examination that has been validated in Spain. Linear regression, with adjustment for the main confounders, was used to obtain mean differences in the MEC between the categories of sleep duration (≤5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, ≥11 h day−1). The MEC score decreased progressively (became worse) across sleep categories from 7 to ≥11 h (P for linear trend <0.001). People who slept for ≥11 h had a significantly lower MEC score than those who slept for 7 h (mean difference −1.48; 95% confidence interval −2.12 to −0.85). This difference in the MEC was similar to that observed for a 10-year increase in age. The results did not vary significantly by sex (P for interaction >0.05). No association was observed between short sleep duration (<7 h) and cognitive function. We conclude that long sleep duration is associated with poorer cognitive function in older adults from the general population.

Keywords: cognitive function; elderly people; sleep; spain

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: December 1, 2009


Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more