Skip to main content

Free Content Daytime sleepiness and neural cardiac modulation in sleep-related breathing disorders

Download Article:

You have access to the full text article on a website external to Ingenta Connect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library

Abstract:

Summary

Sleep-related breathing disorders are common causes of excessive daytime sleepiness, a socially and clinically relevant problem. Mechanisms responsible for daytime sleepiness are still largely unknown. We investigated whether specific alterations in autonomic cardiac modulation during sleep, commonly associated with sleep-related breathing disorders, are related to excessive daytime sleepiness. Fifty-three patients with sleep-related breathing disorders underwent nocturnal polysomnography. Excessive daytime sleepiness was diagnosed as a Multiple Sleep Latency Test response less than or equal to 600 s. We explored the relation of excessive daytime sleepiness, objectively determined, with indices of autonomic cardiac regulation, such as baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability, with polysomnographic indices of the severity of sleep-related breathing disorders and with quality of sleep. Patients with excessive daytime sleepiness, when compared with patients without, had significantly lower baroreflex sensitivity and significantly higher low-to-high frequency power ratio of heart rate variability during the different stages of nocturnal sleep. By contrast, no differences were found in indices quantifying the severity of sleep-related breathing disorders or sleep quality. We demonstrated that excessive daytime sleepiness is accompanied by a deranged cardiac autonomic control at night, the latter probably reflecting autonomic arousals not detectable in the EEG. As abnormal autonomic regulation is also known to be associated with increased cardiovascular risk, a possible relation between excessive daytime sleepiness and cardiovascular events in patients with sleep-related breathing disorders deserves to be investigated in future studies.

Keywords: arterial baroreflex; blood pressure variability; excessive daytime sleepiness; heart rate variability; obstructive sleep apnea; sleep-disordered breathing

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2869.2008.00659.x

Affiliations: 1: Center for Sleep Disorders, Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy 2: Polo Tecnologico, Biomedical Technology Department, IRCCS “S.Maria Nascente”, Fondazione Don Gnocchi ONLUS, Milan, Italy

Publication date: 2008-09-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more