Screening for sleep-related breathing disorders by transthoracic impedance recording integrated into a Holter ECG system
In patients with arrhythmias, coincidence with sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) is high and of clinical relevance. Electrocardiogram-derived (ECG) parameters have been developed for SRBD screening, but it has proved necessary to exclude patients with frequent arrhythmias. Holter-based screening tools, easy to use, are therefore warranted. The goal of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy, with respect to SRBD detection, of transthoracic impedance recording (TTIR) integrated into a Holter System. Our investigation consisted of 2 phases. In phase 1 we compared the performance of TTIR to that of in-hospital polysomnography (PSG) in 56 patients (46 male, mean age 57). In phase 2 we compared TTIR to results from an ambulatory polygraphy (PG) system in 180 patients (143 male, mean age 56). We scored apnea and hypopnea from P(S)G, and derived a respiratory-disturbance index (P(S)G-RDI). TTIR was analyzed semi-automatically. Reduction of the impedance amplitude by more than 50% over 10 s was scored as apnea/hypopnea, with consequent calculation of TTIR-RDI. In phase 1, 20 out of 56 patients revealed a PSG-RDI > 10 h−1. TTIR-RDI in 19 patients from this group was >10 h−1 (sensitivity 95%, specificity 97.2%, positive predictive value 95%, negative predictive value 97.2%, interclass correlation coefficient 0.98). In phase 2, 46 of 180 patients revealed a PSG-RDI > 10 h−1. TTIR-RDI in 37 out of this group was >10 h−1 (sensitivity 80.4%, specificity 92.5%, positive predictive value 78.7%, negative predictive value 93.2%, interclass correlation coefficient 0.92). TTIR integrated into a Holter ECG system and tested in a large patient cohort demonstrates acceptable high accuracy in detection of SRBD. Arrhythmia analysis and screening for SRBD can be performed in a single-step approch.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 2006