Effects of two nights sleep deprivation and two nights recovery sleep on response inhibition
This study examined the effects of two nights of total sleep deprivation (TSD) and two nights of recovery sleep on response inhibition. Thirty-eight young, healthy adults performed a Go-NoGo task at 14 : 00 after: (1) a normal night of sleep; (2) each of two consecutive nights of TSD; and (3) each of two consecutive nights of recovery sleep; they also performed the task at 05 : 00 during the first night of sleep deprivation. We hypothesized that TSD would lead to an impaired ability to withhold a response that would be reversed with recovery sleep. Subjects did experience a significant increase in false positive responses throughout all of TSD, errors of omission (i.e. missed ‘go’ targets) were not significant until after the second night of TSD. Both components (withholding a response and automatic responding) of the task returned to baseline levels after one night of recovery sleep. These data suggest that individuals experience difficulty in withholding an inappropriate response during TSD, even when they are able to attend to the incoming stimuli and respond accurately to appropriate stimuli.