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Free Content Prediction of general mental ability based on neural oscillation measures of sleep

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Summary

The usual assessment of general mental ability (or intelligence) is based on performance attained in reasoning and problem-solving tasks. Differences in general mental ability have been associated with event-related neural activity patterns of the wakeful working brain or physical, chemical and electrical brain features measured during wakeful resting conditions. Recent evidences suggest that specific sleep electroencephalogram oscillations are related to wakeful cognitive performances. Our aim is to reveal the relationship between non-rapid eye movement sleep-specific oscillations (the slow oscillation, delta activity, slow and fast sleep spindle density, the grouping of slow and fast sleep spindles) and general mental ability assessed by the Raven Progressive Matrices Test (RPMT). The grouping of fast sleep spindles by the cortical slow oscillation in the left frontopolar derivation (Fp1) as well as the density of fast sleep spindles over the right frontal area (Fp2, F4), correlated positively with general mental ability. Data from those selected electrodes that showed the high correlations with general mental ability explained almost 70% of interindividual variance in RPMT scores. Results suggest that individual differences in general mental ability are reflected in fast sleep spindle-related oscillatory activity measured over the frontal cortex.
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Keywords: cortical synchronization; electroencephalogram; intelligence; mental test; prefrontal cortex; sleep spindles

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary 2: Medical and Pharmaceutical University of Târgu-Mureş, Târgu-Mureş, Romania 3: Department of Psychology, Károli Gáspár University, Budapest, Hungary 4: Department of Neurology, National Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Budapest, Hungary

Publication date: 2005-09-01

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