Skip to main content

Free Content Sleep apnea-related cognitive deficits and intelligence: an implication of cognitive reserve theory

Download Article:

You have access to the full text article on a website external to Ingenta Connect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library

Summary

Cognitive deficits in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are well demonstrated, but the pathophysiology of these deficits is still controversial, as the relationship between OSA severity and cognitive deficits is usually weak. Our study considers the possible relationship between OSA-related cognitive deficits and the overall intellectual function of OSA patients. Forty-seven OSA patients and 36 normal individuals underwent a neuropsychological battery test assessing attention and alertness. According to the resulting IQ score, patients and controls were divided into a high-intelligence group (IQ ≥ 90th percentile) and a normal-intelligence group (50 ≤ IQ < 90%ile). Between the two patient groups there were no significant differences noticed, regarding OSA severity or sleepiness. High-intelligence patients showed the same attention/alertness performance compared with the high-intelligence controls. On the contrary, patients with normal-intelligence showed attention/alertness decline compared with the normal-intelligence control group. The two patient groups were re-examined with the same battery test after at least 1 year of CPAP treatment. At re-examination neither patient group showed any differences regarding attention and alertness compared with the control groups. We assume that high-intelligence may have a protective effect against OSA-related cognitive decline, perhaps due to increased cognitive reserve.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: IQ; cognitive function; intelligence; obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Sleep Laboratory, Respiratory Medicine Department, Athens University Medical School, Sotiria Hospital for Chest Diseases 2: Sleep Laboratory, ‘Sismanoglio’ Hospital, Athens, Greece

Publication date: 01 March 2005

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more