Skip to main content

Free Content Neurological impairments and sleep–wake behaviour among the mentally retarded

Download Article:

You have access to the full text article on a website external to Ingenta Connect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between the sleep–wake behaviour and neurological impairments among mentally retarded people. The sleep–wake behaviour of 293 mentally retarded subjects living in a rehabilitation center was studied by a standardized observation protocol carried out by trained staff members. The protocol consisted of brief check-ups of the subjects’ sleep–wake status at 20-min intervals for five randomly chosen 24-h periods during 4 months. From the raw data five sleep–wake behaviour variables were formed. The data concerning the subject characteristics (age, body mass index (BMI), gender, degree of mental retardation, presence of locomotor disability, that of epilepsy, blindness or deafness and the usage of psychotropic medications) were collected from the medical records. Two main findings emerged: (1) severe locomotor disablity, blindness and active epilepsy were found to be independent predictors of increased daytime sleep and increased number of wake–sleep transitions and (2) the subjects with a combination of two or all three of these impairments had a significantly more fragmented and abnormally distributed sleep than those with none or milder forms of these impairments. Age, BMI, degree of mental retardation and the studied medications played a minor role in the sleep disturbances of the study population. Finally, deafness was not found to be associated with any of the measured sleep–wake variables.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: adult learning disorder; blindness; epilepsy; locomotor disability; mental retardation; sleep

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2001-12-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more