Skip to main content

Free Content The synchronising influence of Substantia Innominata on the thalamus of the cat

Download Article:

You have access to the full text article on a website external to Ingenta Connect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library


We examined the stimulating effect of Substantia Innominata pars anterior (SIa), during the waking state, on the ‘central’ part of the Mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus (MD), combining electrophysiological and anatomical techniques in restrained, undrugged, unanaesthetized cats. Thalamic MD units were recorded, after electrical stimulation of the Substantia Innominata, at 1 Hz, with a single pulse or short trains of four pulses. Responses were studied by poststimulus histograms. In about 64 of the 84 recorded MD neurones (76%), stimulation of the Substantia Innominata, during the waking state, induced a brief cell excitation, followed first by prolonged inhibition of firing and then by a strong excitatory rebound discharge; after this comes a second sequence of inhibition and excitation, of decreasing amplitude. After stimulation of the Substantia Innominata, the MD units tended to start a repetitive discharge at 4–7 Hz. To investigate the connections of Substantia Innominata cells upon the areas where MD units were recorded we injected horseradish peroxidase wheat germ agglutinin (WGA–HRP), combined with immunohistochemistry for glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and choline acetyl transferase (ChAT). Of the total population of retrogradely labelled cells in the Substantia Innominata 53% were GAD positive while less than 16% were ChAT positive. The GAD positive MD-projecting cells in the Substantia Innominata were triangular to fusiform and small to medium in size. These findings indicate that GABAergic input from the Substantia Innominata may contribute to increasing the hyperpolarizing inhibitory pressure on MD cells in the ‘central’ part during slow wave sleep (SWS).

Keywords: basal forebrain; glutamic acid decarboxylase; retrograde transport; synchronisation; thalamus; ventral pallidum

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Istituto di Fisiologia Umana II-Dipartimento di Scienze Precliniche LITA-Vialba, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy; 2: Istituto di Fisiologia Umana II, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy

Publication date: 2001-06-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more