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Free Content Poor sleep in adolescents: A study of 869 17-year-old Italian secondary school students

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Abstract:

Subjective sleep quality and its related factors were investigated in 869 (530 F, 339 M) 17-year-old adolescents, who were selected from the pupils of state-run secondary schools in the city of Pavia in the north west of Italy. The study was conducted cross sectionally, and it consisted of a questionnaire based survey. One hundred and forty-two subjects (16.5% of the whole sample, 19% of the females and 11.7% of the males) met the criteria chosen for definition as poor sleepers (namely, a complaint of «non restorative nocturnal sleep», «often» or «always» over the previous 12 mo). A significant association was found between chronic poor sleep and (1) gender (female) (2) emotional factors, such as worries, anxiety and depression (3) poor sleep hygiene (4) arousal related parasomnia. Only 4% of poor sleepers took sleep promoting drugs (including benzodiazepines, homeopathic products and other medications), generally without seeking medical advice.

Keywords: adolescence; poor sleep

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2869.1997.00025.x

Affiliations: Neurological Institute «C. Mondino» Foundation, Via Palestro 3, 27100 Pavia, Italy

Publication date: 1997-01-01

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