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Career needs, career development programmes, organizational commitment and turnover intention of nurses in Taiwan

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chang p-l, chou y-c & cheng f-c.(2007) Journal of Nursing Management15, 801–810



Career needs, career development programmes, organizational commitment and turnover intention of nurses in Taiwan Aim 

This study divided nursing careers into four stages: exploration, establishment, maintenance and disengagement. Besides exploring whether nurses have different career needs at different career stages, this study also examines the gap between career needs and career development programmes, and its relationship with organizational commitment and turnover intention of nurses in Taiwan. Background 

Although previous studies have recognized that nurses’ careers have different stages, a few studies have identified nurses’ career needs or offered programmes to respond to nurses’ needs. Method 

Through a literature review and in-depth interviews, this study developed a scale to measure career needs of nurses at different stages and identify the appropriate career development programmes. Additionally, regression analyses were implemented to explore the relationships objectively. Results 

Nurses were found to have different career needs at different career stages, and the gap between career needs and career development programmes influenced turnover intention caused by the decline in nurses’ commitment towards the hospital. Conclusions 

If hospitals’ administrators can provide career development programmes to satisfy career needs of nurses at different career stages, then nurses’ commitment to the hospital may increase and nurses’ turnover intention may decrease, which may lead to reciprocity between the hospital and the nurses.
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Keywords: career development programme; career needs; commitment; gap; turnover intention

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Chair Professor, Department of Business Administration, Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan 2: Associate Professor, Department of Business Administration, Tung Hai University, Taichung, Taiwan 3: PhD Candidate, Institute of Business & Management, National Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan

Publication date: 01 November 2007

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