TY - ABST
AU - Añez, E.
AU - Remington, A.
AU - Wardle, J.
AU - Cooke, L.
TI - The impact of instrumental feeding on children's responses to taste exposure
JO - Journal of Human Nutrition & Dietetics
PY - 2013-10-01T00:00:00///
VL - 26
IS - 5
SP - 415
EP - 420
N2 - Abstract Background
In a recent study, we showed that nonfood incentives combined with taste exposure increase children's acceptance of vegetables. However, the
impact of children's previous experience of receiving food rewards is unknown. The present study investigated whether the experience of food rewards affects responses to an exposure‐plus‐reward intervention. Methods
One hundred and thirty‐seven parents of 4–6‐year‐old children taking part in an exposure‐based intervention study completed an instrumental feeding (IF) questionnaire aiming to assess their use of food rewards. Based
on these scores, children were categorised as frequently or rarely instrumentally‐fed. Intervention groups were given 12 daily tastes of a target vegetable combined with no reward, a tangible reward, (sticker) or a verbal reward (praise). A no‐treatment control group received
no tastings. Liking and intake of a target vegetable were measured at baseline and post‐intervention. Results
Irrespective of experience of IF, children in all intervention
groups increased liking compared to controls (all P < 0.001) and both reward groups increased intake compared to controls (both P < 0.05). However, in the nonrewarded exposure group, only children with a limited experience with food rewards
increased consumption (P < 0.05). Conclusions
Experience of IF may limit the benefits of ‘mere exposure’. However, exposure with nonfood rewards can increase
the acceptance of vegetables, regardless of previous experience.
UR - http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bsc/jhnd/2013/00000026/00000005/art00002
M3 - doi:10.1111/jhn.12028
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12028