TY - ABST
AU - Ghandchi, Z.
AU - Neyestani, T. R.
AU - Saboor Yaraghi, A.‐A.
AU - Eshraghian, M.‐R.
AU - Gharavi, A.
AU - Shariatzadeh, N.
AU - Kalayi, A.
AU - Houshiarrad, A.
TI - Vitamin D status and the predictors of circulating T helper 1‐type immunoglobulin levels in Iranian subjects with type 1 diabetes and their siblings: a case‐control study
JO - Journal of Human Nutrition & Dietetics
PY - 2012-08-01T00:00:00///
VL - 25
IS - 4
SP - 365
EP - 372
How to cite this article Ghandchi Z., Neyestani T.R., Saboor Yaraghi A.‐A., Eshraghian M.‐R., Gharavi A., Shariatzadeh N., Kalayi A. & Houshiarrad A. (2012) Vitamin D status and the predictors of circulating T helper 1‐type
immunoglobulin levels in Iranian subjects with type 1 diabetes and their siblings: a case‐control study. J Hum Nutr Diet. 25, 365–372 Abstract
Vitamin D status has been linked to both T helper (Th)1/Th2 balance and susceptibility to type 1 diabetes (T1D). The present study aimed to evaluate vitamin D status and its relation to Th1/Th2 balance in subjects with T1D, their siblings and unrelated healthy controls during autumn and winter
Methods: A case–control study was conducted on subjects with T1D (n
1 = 60) and two control groups comprising nondiabetic siblings (n
2 = 60) and unrelated healthy controls (n
3 = 60).
Assessments of dietary intake, anthropometry, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and 25(OH)D were performed. Serum levels of immunoglobulin (Ig)G2 and IgE, as well as the IgG2/IgE ratio, were used to evaluate Th1/Th2 balance. Vitamin D status was defined based on circulating 25(OH)D
as deficiency: <27.5 nm; insufficiency 27.5 ≤ 25(OH)D <50 nm; and sufficiency ≥50 nm.
Results: Vitamin D status did not differ significantly among the groups. Similarly, no significant
difference in 25(OH)D, iPTH, IgG2, IgE and IgG2/IgE was found. In multiple regression analysis of pooled data, PTH and body mass index were the predictors of IgG2/IgE. In the diabetic group, both PTH and age and, in siblings, PTH only, were the predictors of
Conclusions: These data suggest PTH as the major predictor of immune deviance towards the Th1 response in both type 1 diabetic subjects and their siblings. Considering that the active form of vitamin D suppresses PTH production, it is hypothesised
that vitamin D replenishment of just those who are genetically prone to the disease (i.e. siblings) may be regarded as a preventive measure against T1D.
UR - http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bsc/jhnd/2012/00000025/00000004/art00009
M3 - doi:10.1111/j.1365-277X.2012.01228.x
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2012.01228.x