Vitamin D status and the predictors of circulating T helper 1‐type immunoglobulin levels in Iranian subjects with type 1 diabetes and their siblings: a case‐control study
How to cite this article Ghandchi Z., Neyestani T.R., Saboor Yaraghi A.‐A., Eshraghian M.‐R., Gharavi A., Shariatzadeh N., Kalayi A. & Houshiarrad A. (2012) Vitamin D status and the predictors of circulating T helper 1‐type immunoglobulin levels in Iranian subjects with type 1 diabetes and their siblings: a case‐control study. J Hum Nutr Diet. 25, 365–372
Background: Vitamin D status has been linked to both T helper (Th)1/Th2 balance and susceptibility to type 1 diabetes (T1D). The present study aimed to evaluate vitamin D status and its relation to Th1/Th2 balance in subjects with T1D, their siblings and unrelated healthy controls during autumn and winter 2008–2009.
Methods: A case–control study was conducted on subjects with T1D (n 1 = 60) and two control groups comprising nondiabetic siblings (n 2 = 60) and unrelated healthy controls (n 3 = 60). Assessments of dietary intake, anthropometry, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and 25(OH)D were performed. Serum levels of immunoglobulin (Ig)G2 and IgE, as well as the IgG2/IgE ratio, were used to evaluate Th1/Th2 balance. Vitamin D status was defined based on circulating 25(OH)D as deficiency: <27.5 n
Results: Vitamin D status did not differ significantly among the groups. Similarly, no significant difference in 25(OH)D, iPTH, IgG2, IgE and IgG2/IgE was found. In multiple regression analysis of pooled data, PTH and body mass index were the predictors of IgG2/IgE. In the diabetic group, both PTH and age and, in siblings, PTH only, were the predictors of IgG2/IgE ratio.
Conclusions: These data suggest PTH as the major predictor of immune deviance towards the Th1 response in both type 1 diabetic subjects and their siblings. Considering that the active form of vitamin D suppresses PTH production, it is hypothesised that vitamin D replenishment of just those who are genetically prone to the disease (i.e. siblings) may be regarded as a preventive measure against T1D.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, Faculty of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran 2: Laboratory of Nutrition Research, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Insitute (NFFTRI) and Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Publication date: 2012-08-01