Skip to main content

The effect of substituting alternative grains in the diet on the nutritional profile of the gluten-free diet

Buy Article:

$48.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

Abstract Background: 

The only treatment for coeliac disease is lifelong adherence to a gluten-free diet. Several studies have reported nutritional deficiencies in individuals on a gluten-free diet. The present study aimed to determine whether the nutritional profile of gluten-free diet could be improved through the use of alternative grains. Methods: 

A retrospective review of diet history records by a celiac specialist dietitian were used to establish a ‘standard’ gluten-free dietary pattern. An ‘alternative’ gluten-free dietary pattern was developed that substituted naturally gluten-free grains or gluten-free products made from ‘alternative’ flours (oats, high fibre gluten-free bread and quinoa) in the standard pattern. A paired t-test was performed to identify statistical significance between the ‘alternative’ and standard gluten-free dietary pattern. Results: 

Analysis of standard pattern indicated that 38% of meals and snacks contained no grain or starch choice. Of those meals that contained a grain or starch component, rice was the grain chosen 44% of the time. The inclusion of alternative grains or grain products provided a higher nutrient profile compared to the standard gluten-free dietary pattern (P = 0.002). Several nutrients; protein (20.6 g versus 11 g), iron (18.4 mg versus 1.4 mg), calcium (182 mg versus 0 mg) and fibre (12.7 g versus 5 g) were significantly increased by changing the grain or starch component in the dietary pattern. The B vitamin content (riboflavin, niacin and folate) was improved, although this was not statistically significant (P = 0.125). Discussion: 

The inclusion of alternative grain-based products increased the nutrient profile of the gluten-free dietary pattern significantly.

Keywords: alternative grains; celiac disease; gluten-free diet; nutritional composition

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2009.00970.x

Publication date: August 1, 2009

bsc/jhnd/2009/00000022/00000004/art00011
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more