Energy and nutrient intake of Swiss women aged 75–87 years

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Abstract:

Abstract Objective 

Reliable data about the nutrient intake of elderly noninstitutionalized women in Switzerland is lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the energy and nutrient intake in this specific population. Subjects 

The 401 subjects were randomly selected women of mean age of 80.4 years (range 75–87) recruited from the Swiss SEMOF (Swiss Evaluation of the Methods of Measurement of Osteoporotic Fracture Risk) cohort study. A validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was submitted to the 401 subjects to assess dietary intake. Results 

The FFQ showed a mean daily energy intake of 1544 kcal (±447.7). Protein intake was 65.2 g (±19.9), that is 1.03 g kg−1 body weight per day. The mean daily intake for energy, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, magnesium, vitamin C, D and E were below the RNI. However, protein, phosphorus, potassium, iron and vitamin B6 were above the RNI. Conclusion 

The mean nutrient intake of these free living Swiss elderly women was low compared with standards. Energy dense foods rich in carbohydrate, magnesium, calcium, vitamin D and E as well as regular sunshine exposure is recommended in order to optimise dietary intake.

Keywords: Switzerland; dietary adequacy; dietary intake; elderly

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2006.00729.x

Affiliations: 1: Outpatient Clinic, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland 2: Centre for Nutrition and Food Safety, School of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK 3: Clinique Bois-Cerf, Osteoporosis Consultation, Lausanne, Switzerland

Publication date: December 1, 2006

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