Skip to main content

Dietary habits of the Somali population in Liverpool, with respect to foods containing calcium and vitamin D: a cause for concern?

Buy Article:

$51.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Abstract Background 

A large percentage of Liverpool Somalis have vitamin D deficiency and low calcium excretion. The dietary habits of Liverpool Somalis were investigated with respect to food items containing calcium and vitamin D. Methods 

A questionnaire, administered by a Somali field worker, assessed the intake of food of 60 adult (45 females and 15 males; mean age 42 years) and 10 child (seven females and three males; mean age 10 years) Somali volunteers. Questions concerned personal details, health (bone and muscle problems) and dietary habits including the frequency of consumption of food items containing substantial amounts of calcium and vitamin D. Results 

Most subjects reported bone and muscle pain. Eating habits reflected traditional customs. Foods containing substantial amounts of calcium and vitamin D were consumed infrequently. Milk was only consumed in tea. Those self-reporting bone pain consumed eggs, cheese and beans rarely. Conclusion 

The food choices of these individuals with regard to bone health is a cause for concern and indicates a likelihood of low calcium and vitamin D intake.

Keywords: Liverpool; Somali; Vitamin D; calcium; osteomalacia; rickets

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: School of The Outdoors, Leisure and Food, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK 2: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK 3: Department of International Child Health, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK

Publication date: April 1, 2006

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more