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Experience with a new hydrolysed feed in a paediatric gastroenterology clinic

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Abstract:

Introduction:

There are a limited number of hydrolysed feeds on the market designed to meet the specific nutritional requirements of children ( Macdonald, 2001). Adult feeds are unsuitable for children as the protein content is too high and exceeds requirements ( Department of Health, 1991). The energy density of hydrolysed infant formulas is inadequate for this age group: 66 kcal/100 ml vs 100 kcal/100 ml in the trial feed. Currently the only paediatric hydrolysed feed available in the UK is pork-based and is contraindicated for some ethnic groups. This study has evaluated the use of a new feed for children based on whey hydrolysate. Method:

Fifteen subjects, mean age 4.3 years (range 2.7–10.5 years), were recruited. All required a supplementary feed because they were unable to maintain good nutritional status from food alone. Ten subjects were already established on a hydrolysed or elemental feed and five had previously taken a normal diet. Eight had a diagnosis of eosinophilic enteropathy whereas others had food intolerance of unknown aetiology. Subjects were established on the new feed over 4 days and were reviewed after a 28-day period. Weight and symptom data were recorded at the beginning and end of the trial period. One-third of the patients were followed up for 2–5 months after completion of the trial. Results:

The mean standard deviation score (SDS) for initial weight was −1.5 (range −3.92 to +0.29). After 28 days, SDS mean was −1.5 (range −4.0 to +0.17). The mean change in weight was +0.01 SDS (range −0.61 to +0.73). For children already established on hydrolysed/elemental feeds, mean SDS weight change was +0.01, whereas for patients new to an exclusion diet supplemented with trial feed the change was zero. Of eight children seven (88%) with diarrhoea improved, of three children three (100%) with vomiting improved and five of six children (83%) with abdominal pain improved during the 28-day trial period. Nine of 15 subjects (or parents) considered that their symptoms improved and they chose to continue with the trial feed. Five of these had been receiving a hydrolysed/elemental feed and four had previously taken a normal diet. At follow-up 2–5 months later, four of nine children remaining on the trial feed showed positive changes in weight SDS since starting the feed, one child showed a negative change and no weight data were available for the remaining four subjects. Conclusion:

This new paediatric feed based on whey hydrolysate is suitable for most ethnic groups, is well accepted and tolerated and provides a more suitable nutrient profile than existing products designed for adults or infants. Objective reporting using standard symptom charts showed that symptoms had markedly improved during the trial period. The results suggest that a trial period of 1 month may not be long enough to establish the efficacy of a new feed using catch-up growth or improvement in weight SDS as the main outcome measure.

This work was supported by Nestlé Clinical Nutrition

Document Type: Abstract

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-277X.2003.04674.x

Affiliations: 1: Dietetic Department, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust 2: Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 3JH, UK

Publication date: October 1, 2003

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