Skip to main content

A balanced approach towards healthy eating in autism

Buy Article:

The full text article is temporarily unavailable.

We apologise for the inconvenience. Please try again later.

Background: This audit was undertaken to investigate the dietary intake and food-related behaviour of children diagnosed within the autistic spectrum continuum. It was hoped to understand the difficulties faced by parents and carers and to offer a holistic service. Method: Parents of 17 autistic children aged 42-117 months were interviewed and data collected by 3-day dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire. Weight and height measurements for each child were obtained. South Derbyshire Ethics Committee approval was given. Results: Nutrient intakes on analysis fell below reference nutrient intake (RNI) levels for 53% (nine) children in one or more of the following nutrients: vitamin C, iron, vitamin D, niacin, riboflavin, vitamin B6, calcium and zinc. One child fell below the lower reference nutrient intake (LRNI) for iron and three children aged under 4 years did not meet the LRNI for vitamin D from dietary sources. Excessive milk consumption in 13 children raised calcium intake to levels above 200% of RNI levels. Conclusion: Eating habits were extremely prescriptive. Food preferences were specific for `dry' or `wet' forms, colour, shaped retail products and even brand packaging. Food refusal and introduction of new foods were cited as the most difficult problems faced by parents. Oral sensitivity, poor oral motor movements and difficult eating behaviours were identified and an integrated service involving dietitian, speech therapist and paediatric clinical psychologist was advocated.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: autism; dietary recall; eating habits

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Senior Community Dietitian, Community Health Services, NHS Trust, Southern Derbyshire, Wilderslowe, 121 Osmaston Road, Derby DE1 2GA, UK

Publication date: 1998-12-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more