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Elderly patients» meal patterns—a retrospective study

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The aim of this study was to examine possible causes of malnutrition in geriatric patients on admission to hospital by evaluation and comparison of their meal pattern between periods of working, retirement and hospitalization, respectively. Forty-five consecutive patients aged 60 years or older participated. By use of modified dietary history interviews, a retrospective assessment of food intake was carried out. A qualitative system for meal classification was then applied. In the retirement period there was a strong reduction in daily eating frequency when compared to working and hospital periods. Thus, the daily intake and also distribution of energy and nutrients seem to be reduced during retirement, which might lead to nutritional deficiency.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Caring Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping, S-581 85 Linköping, Sweden 2: Department of Home Economics, University of Uppsala and National Food Administration, Uppsala, Sweden

Publication date: 1996-08-01

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