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Effect of Nurse Case Management on the Treatment of Older Women with Breast Cancer

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Objectives:

To evaluate the effect of nurse case management on the treatment of older women with breast cancer. Design:

Randomized prospective trial. Setting:

Sixty surgeons practicing at 13 community and two public hospitals in southeast Texas. Participants:

Three hundred thirty-five women (166 control and 169 intervention) aged 65 and older newly diagnosed with breast cancer. Intervention:

Women seeing surgeons randomized to the intervention group received the services of a nurse case manager for 12 months after the diagnosis of breast cancer. Measurements:

The primary outcome was the type and use of cancer-specific therapies received in the first 6 months after diagnosis. Secondary outcomes were patient satisfaction and arm function on the affected side 2 months after diagnosis. Results:

More women in the intervention group received breast-conserving surgery (28.6% vs 18.7%; P=.031) and radiation therapy (36.0% vs 19.0%; P=.003). Of women undergoing breast-conserving surgery, greater percentages in the case management group received adjuvant radiation (78.3% vs 44.8%; P=.001) and axillary dissection (71.4% vs 44.8%; P=.057). Women in the case management group were also more likely to receive more breast reconstruction surgery (9.3% vs 2.6%, P=.054), and women in the case management group with advanced cancer were more likely to receive chemotherapy (72.7% vs 30.0%, P=.057). Two months after surgery, higher percentages of women in the case manager group had normal arm function (93% vs 84%; P=.037) and were more likely to state that they had a real choice in their treatment (82.2% vs 69.9%, P=.020). Women with indicators of poor social support were more likely to benefit from nurse case management. Conclusion:

Nurse case management results in more appropriate management of older women with breast cancer.
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Keywords: access to care; aging; breast cancer; nurse case management; social support

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Internal Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Publication date: 2003-09-01

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